Al-A'raf : Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Filsafat 2022-07-02T11:45:18+07:00 Nur Kafid Open Journal Systems <p style="background-color: #fff2db; border: 1px dotted Orange; padding: 5px;">ISSN: <a href=";1180427807&amp;1&amp;&amp;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">1693-9867</a> (Print)<br />ISSN: <a href=";1463626561&amp;1&amp;&amp;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2527-5119</a> (OnLine)<br />DOI : <a href="">10.22515/ajpif</a><br />URL : <a href=""></a></p> <p><strong>AL-A'RAF: Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Filsafat</strong> is a peer-reviewed journal published by <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Faculty of Ushuluddin and Dakwah, UIN Raden Mas Said, Central Java, Indonesia</a>. It dedicates as public space to develop and promote Islamic thought, idea, and philosophy based on the original research and current issues which are underlying the value of tolerance and moderation, such as the following but not limited to these specific issues;</p> <ul> <li><strong>Living Qur'an and Living Hadith: </strong>Quranic/Hadith daily lives practiced by the certain Muslim community,</li> <li><strong>Islam and local wisdom: </strong>relation of Islam and culture, the practice of Islamic teaching in the Muslim community, and other local culture practiced by the certain Muslim community</li> <li><strong>Islam and Politic: </strong>Islamic radicalism, Islamic activism/movement, state and religion relation, and the dynamic of Islamic political party</li> <li><strong>Inter-religious dialogue: </strong>interaction and relation between Muslim and non-Muslim community in the daily lives, religious harmony, and policy about the religious relation in certain communities or countries</li> <li><strong>Islamic Philosophy: </strong>the Muslim philosopher thought which is contextualizing with the current Muslim community life; and</li> <li>Other issues which are socially, culturally, and politically correlate to the Islamic and Muslim community development.</li> </ul> <p>Hereby, this journal warmly welcomes contributions from scholars of related disciplines.</p> <p><strong>AL-A'RAF </strong>published first time in 2004 in fully printing version up to 2015. Since 2016, this journal published in the two versions: printing and fully open system, using the Open Journal System (OJS) management. Since Volume 15, Number 2, 2018, <strong>AL-A'RAF </strong>has been<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong> accredited Sinta 2</strong></a> by the Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education Number: 10/E/KPT/2019.</p> <p><strong>AL-A'RAF </strong>has become a <a href=""><strong>CrossRef Member</strong></a> since the year 2016. Therefore, all articles published by <strong>AL-A'RAF</strong> will have unique number (DOI). This journal published bi-annually (January-June, July-December).</p> <p><img style="width: 680px; height: 320px;" src="" alt="" /></p> <p><strong>Mailing Address</strong></p> <p>Faculty of Ushuluddin and Dakwah (FUD), IAIN Surakarta. Jl. Pandawa No. 1, Pucangan, Kartasura, Central Java, Indonesia, 57168. Phone: +62271-781516, Fax: +62271-782774. e-mail: <a href=""></a></p> QUESTIONING THE POSITION AND STATUS OF IBN TAIMIYYAH IN THE HANBALI SCHOOL OF THOUGHT 2022-05-30T16:59:04+07:00 Badrus Samsul Fata Imam Malik Riduan <div> <p class="Default"><span lang="IN">For centuries, polemic over Ibnu Taimiyyah (661-728H) has generated cross-generational tension among supporters and opponents. Those supporters believed Ibn Taimiyyah to be <em>ma'shum,</em>surpassed Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal, and unilaterally ordained him as <em>khatim al-mujtahidin</em>. A claim which ignores Sunnis scholars’ epistemic criticism across the school of thought and generations, including a critical assessment of the internal Hanbali school of thought itself. Such as Ibn Rajab (736-795H); Ibn al-Mardawi (817-885H); Ibn Najjar (898-972H); al-Buhuti (1000-1051H); and al-Safaraini (1114-1188H). By employing the interdisciplinary approach to analyzing the primary sources, the result of the study revealed that one of the internal consensuses of the Hanbali school of thought is clear enough. When there is a dispute over the results of <em>tarjih</em>formulation in <em>ushul</em>and <em>furu'</em>, the hierarchy of the referential authority is as the following; <em>first,</em>Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal; <em>second</em>, Ibnu Qudamah al-Maqdisi al-Hanbali; <em>third,</em>Al-Majd al-Din Abi al-Barakat al-Taimi; <em>fourth,</em>Ibn Muflih al-Hanbali; <em>fifth,</em>Ibnu Rajab al-Hanbali; <em>sixth,</em>Ibnu Hamdan al-Hanbali; <em>seventh,</em>Taqiyy al-Din Ibn Taimiyyah; and <em>eighth,</em>Ibn ‘Abdus al-Hanbali. Considering its various controversies, the leading scholars of the Hanbali school of thought positioned Ibn Taimiyyah in the seventh rank in the hierarchy of the school of thought's authority and emphasized that Ibn Taimiyyah was not the only one bearing the title of <em>sheikh al-Islam</em>within the Hanbali school of thought.</span></p> </div> 2022-06-29T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 INTERNALIZATION OF RELIGION AND CULTURE: RELIGIOSITY OF THE TEBUWUNG SOCIETY IN THE TINGKEPAN TRADITION 2022-05-30T16:54:48+07:00 Ubaidillah <div><span lang="EN-US">This study explains the phenomenon of the living qur'an practiced by the Tebuwung Society in Dukun, Gresik, East Java, regarding the meaning of surah Yusuf and Maryam in the <em>tingkepan</em>tradition. The Qur'anic phenomenon in this pregnancy ritual is a form of meaning of the Qur'an's content that surrounds the local community's life. Based on qualitative research with a phenomenological approach, while data were obtained through in-depth interviews, observation, and documentation, this study tries to explain the phenomenon of the <em>tingkepan</em>tradition, the public's reception of <em>surah</em>Yusuf and Maryam, and the influence of reading the two <em>surahs</em>in the <em>tingkepan</em>tradition. Based on Karl Mannheim's perspective and the social construction of Peter L. Berger, the study's results show that the awareness of the Qur'an that exists in the community is built through the religious understanding of the central figures of religion at local level. From these central figures, awareness emerged from understanding the ideas and moral messages of <em>surah</em>Yusuf and Maryam in the hope of having descendants that handsome or beautiful face and character as depicted in the two <em>surahs</em>. Apart from being local wisdom, this <em>tingkepan </em>tradition constructively demonstrates the community's belief that the creation of man is closely related to the Oneness of God since he/she was in the womb.</span></div> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 ISLAM AND CAPITALISM: THE DYNAMICS OF RELIGION AND CONTEMPORARY INDONESIAN WORK ORIENTATION 2022-06-09T22:03:35+07:00 Husnul Khitam <div> <p>Indonesia is the world's fourth most populous nation, with about 265 million people, and has the most significant number of adherents to Islam. The country also was well known as one of the new tigers of Southeast Asia in the mid-80s with high economic development. The impressive economic growth at an average level of 5 percent, a low rate of inflation at 2.36, the rose of consumption growth to 5.1 percent, the rapid decline of poor people, and the low Gini ratio index at 0.382 show how vital Indonesia as an exemplar of the growth of capitalism in the global south. The fact that the most populous Muslims are spread widely in Southeast Asia and Indonesia would be the best example of how capitalism and religion play their role along with their cultural and social characteristics. Therefore, the main aim of the following study is to analyze contemporary Indonesia through the lenses of classical sociology theory, especially to reveal the fundamental question of how capitalist, religious, and work-oriented Indonesian society is? Within Indonesia's contemporary context and the tension between capitalism and religion, this study shows the relationships and dynamics between the two and forms another kind of capitalism.</p> </div> 2022-07-18T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 WOMEN POLITICIANS BASED ON PESANTREN IN NATIONALIST BASED VOTERS IN INDONESIA 2022-06-27T10:06:52+07:00 Mokhamad Zainal Anwar Khairul Imam Abdulloh Hadziq Wahyudi Akmaliyah Yuyun Sunesti <p>This study discusses the activism of pesantren-based female politicians in utilizing the pesantren network in electoral districts where most of constituents affiliate with nationalist-style parties. One of which is the Soloraya area. A portrait of post-reform electoral districts with solid political affiliations to nationalist parties. In this context, this study intends to examine the political activism of women politicians based on Islamic boarding schools in electoral politics. The data collected in this study carries out by observation and in-depth interviews. This study argues that the solidity of the santri and pesantren constituent bases, the expansion of the non-student voter base, the support of the pesantren elite, and the performance of female political candidates based on pesantren are the keys to the success of transforming social capital into political capital to win electoral politics in electoral districts that are not pesantren based. The novelty of the findings of this study is that female politicians can win electoral politics in the 2019 elections by mobilizing political disillusionment, militancy, and solidity in support of the pesantren network, especially among women and the social capital attached to individual politicians. This study enriches the study of electoral politics and its relationship to the activism of women politicians based on pesantren.</p> 2022-06-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 ISLAMIC HUMANITARIAN PRINCIPLES AND MIGRATION: RECONSTRUCTION OF FORCED MIGRANT RIGHTS IN ISLAM 2022-07-02T11:45:18+07:00 Agus Nilmada Azmi <p>This study aims to analyze the rights of forced migrants in Islam. Much Islamic literature, especially the Qur'an and the life history of the Prophets—starting from Prophet Abraham, Moses to Muhammad SAW- discusses the term migration and the importance of fulfilling various rights over them. However, this tradition is often ignored in the reality of modern world life, even though Muslim countries have accommodated about 50 percent of the world's refugee population. Based on qualitative descriptive approach by referring to written sources, especially the Qur'an, Sunnah, and the traditions of the early Muslim generation that talk about <em>musta'min</em>, the results of the study show that the Islamic tradition has provided a robust framework and the importance of paying attention to protection guarantees. For forced migrants, especially concerning fundamental rights, such as the right to dignity, non-refoulment, equal treatment, housing, health care, family reunification, and property. As a result, it is very essential for Muslims to re-open and maintain theological discourse on the issue of the protection of forced migrants. A move that can make an essential contribution to assisting Muslim countries in managing the crisis of forced migrants, in line with Islamic principles.</p> 2022-07-18T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 COSMOLOGY OF TIME AND THE SPIRITUAL OF LIFE IN JANAVESE-ISLAMIC TRADITION 2022-06-09T21:57:19+07:00 Ali Jafar <p>This study aims to see and analyze the cosmological relation between time and spiritual life in the Javanese-Islamic tradition. Philosophically, the system of <em>pranotomongso</em>(cycle of time) believes to have a solid connection to the knowledge of time and the spiritual dimension of life surrounding it. Based on a study of Javanese literature <em>(primbon)</em>and Islamic views on the cosmology of time, this study shows that in Javanese culture and literature, time is not only seen as a natural cycle but also positioned like living beings. Therefore, the Javanese believe in humans' importance in maintaining good relations with time. The relationship model must be symbiotic-mutualism. At the same time, the Islamic tradition sees that Allah SWT created the universe and the regularity of time for the good of humankind. So, it is clear that both Islamic and Javanese traditions place time as a symbol that indicates the unity of man and his creator. Although time strongly influences human knowledge regarding a time where humans depend entirely on natural cycles, the value of knowledge about time itself is cross-generational.</p> 2022-07-26T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Al-A'raf : Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Filsafat