ALLAIS Journal of Arabic Language and Literature 2023-08-10T12:23:21+07:00 Syaifullah [email protected] Open Journal Systems <p><strong>ALLAIS </strong><strong>Journal of Arabic Language and Literature Studies </strong>is a scientific journal published in 2022. This journal is provided for academics, researchers, and archivists who need or are interested in following the latest developments, especially in the realm of Arabic linguistic and literary studies which include; Arabic Linguistic, Arabic Literature, Modern Standard Arabic, Arabic Second Language Acquisition, Arabic Translation (subtitling –dubbing). ALLAIS Journal is published twice a year in June and September by the Arabic Language and Literature Study Program, Faculty of Adab and Language, Raden Mas Said State Islamic University, Surakarta. The journal accepts research-based papers, library research on the covered field. All submitted papers will be properly checked by journal editors and sent to our peer-reviewers. We only accept scientific papers written in Indonesian, Arabic and English.</p> المدائح النبوية عند الشاعرين: أحمد شوقي وخليل الله خليلي (دراسة في أوجه التشابه والتباين وإمكانية التأثير والتأثر) 2023-05-02T21:32:16+07:00 Abdel-Sabour Fakhry [email protected] <p>In this article, the researcher discusses the comparison between two renowned poets in the modern Arab literary world, Ahmad Shawqi and Khalilullah Khalili. The researcher provides an overview of Ahmad Shawqi's life translation, literary writings, the key characteristics of his poetry, and its influence in the world of poetry. Additionally, the article delves into the life of the national Afghan poet, Khalilullah Khalili, his writings, the characteristics and purposes of his poetry, while highlighting the similarities between the two poets' personalities. The article explores the central themes around which the poets' works revolve, particularly their sentiments towards the Prophet Muhammad and how they connect this religious occasion to the realities of life. The researcher identifies over ten similarities between the poems of the two poets and also highlights clear differences that exclude the possibility of mutual influence or being influenced, despite their contemporaneity. Finally, the researcher summarizes the most significant findings and comparisons between the two poets in twelve points, evaluating the way they approached their praises of the Prophet in terms of content, emotion, language, and style, while offering some assessments.</p> 2023-08-10T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 ALLAIS Journal of Arabic Language and Literature الدراسة الأسلوبية: تحليل أسلوب السخرية والتهكم والهجاء في مسلسل بهلول أعقل المجانين الجزء الأول 2023-06-17T22:04:28+07:00 Aziz Rahmat Zatnika [email protected] <p><em>After 2022, people's trends will have changed with the times. Watching films will become a new lifestyle in our society. Films have a diverse impact on society and are a means of conveying messages that are easily accepted, but understanding a film also requires sufficient insight. Stylistics is a way of greeting something to achieve what is intended; understanding stylistics will support understanding when watching movies. The first season of "Bahlul A'qalul Majanin" is a film that is full of satirical language; therefore, it is necessary to understand the satirical stylistics to understand this and similar films better. This research is descriptive qualitative research using text (content) analysis methods with data in the form of conversations and speech in the first season of the "Bahlul A'qalul Majanin" series. This research data was collected by observation (watching live) and then listening to the conversations and speeches in this series, after which the existing data was recorded. This study found that satire has several patterns for each type of satirical style that can be understood and seen quite clearly, from the foundation, purpose, and expression to the choice of words and sentences. The study also found the following number of satirical styles: 40 for irony, 17 for sarcasm, and 17 for satire.</em></p> 2023-08-10T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 ALLAIS Journal of Arabic Language and Literature السجع في الأفعال الكلامية الإنجازية فى مسلسل كرتون محسن و محاسن لتأليف قناة يوتوب جمعية نمآء الخيرية (الدراسة براغماتية لجون رابيرت سيرلى) 2023-08-09T21:21:25+07:00 Luci Indriani Purnama Sari [email protected] <p><em>This study discusses the types and functions of illocutionary speech acts in the cartoon series Muhsin wa Mahasin. The purpose of this study is to describe the types and functions of illocutionary speech acts contained in the cartoon series Muhsin wa Mahasin. The research method used in this research is qualitative with literature study. The data collection technique used in this research is the listening method, the data collection technique using reference materials and the data analysis technique using the equivalent method which is supported by the SPEAKING speech component. The results of the analysis in this study are that in assertive speech acts the researcher finds speeches stating with affirmation, expressing with anxiety and complaining to get help. In directive speech acts, the researcher finds utterances of suggesting, commanding, pleading and advising. In commissive speech acts, the researcher finds utterances in the form of promises and refusals. And in expressive speech acts the researcher found utterances in the form of thanking, apologizing, praising, worried and surprised. The function of speech acts that the researchers found is a competitive function in which there is an utterance that functions to command and ask the speech partner, in the convival function the researcher finds speech with a polite and friendly attitude, namely an utterance that functions to thank, congratulate and greet, collaborative function The researcher found utterances with the intention of working together, namely utterances which functioned to express and conflictive functions.</em></p> 2023-08-10T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 ALLAIS Journal of Arabic Language and Literature Teori Tata Bahasa Generatif Transformatif Chomsky serta Aplikasinya dalam Gramatikal Bahasa Arab 2023-04-04T23:15:12+07:00 Balkis Aminallah Nurul MIVTAKH Hum [email protected] <p><em>This article aims to examine Chomsky's Transformative Generative language theory and its application in Arabic grammar.</em><em> The method used in this study is qualitative based on literature study, which is a research method that provides an explanation by using analysis based on the literature that supports TGT studies. The research object of this study is Chomsky's language theory, namely Transformative Generative Grammar (TGT). This research answers two questions. First, "How is the explanation of Chomsky's generative transformative theory?". Second, "how is the generative transformative theory applied to Arabic grammar? The results of this study are that there are concepts used to understand TGT including: inner structure and outer structure (At-Tarokib As-Sathiyah and Tarokib Al-Asasiyah); competence and performance (Al Kifayatul Lughowiyah and Al-Adaaul Kalamiy); generative and transformative (At-Taulidiyah wa Tahwiliyah). </em><em>Generative rules have forms like the rules found in standard writing.</em><em> These rules include: Ruknun Fi'liyun consists of 1) fi'il + Ruknun Ismiy (Fa'il + Ma'ulun</em><em> bih);</em><em> 2) Ruknun Ismiy (Harf Jar + Alif Lam Ta'rif + Isim). While the Transformation Rules include: 1) Elimination (Harf, Isim, Fi'il, Amount); 2) Expansion; 3) Addition; 4) Change of Order; 5) replacement; 6) Abbreviation</em>.</p> 2023-08-10T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 ALLAIS Journal of Arabic Language and Literature Analisis Kontrastif Kata Sifat Dalam Bahasa Arab Dan Bahasa Inggris 2023-06-19T20:58:05+07:00 khasanah M.Hum [email protected] <p><em>This study aims to conduct a contrastive analysis of adjectives in Arabic and English. The study will compare the characteristics, usage, and syntactic structure of adjectives in both languages with the aim of identifying the similarities and differences that exist. The methodology of this research is based on the contrastive approach which allows comparing the linguistic systems of two languages systematically. The research data will be collected from Arabic and English textual sources, such as textbooks, journal articles, and language corpus. Data collection will involve identifying the most common and representative adjectives in both languages, as well as an in-depth analysis of the syntactic attributes and functions attached to those adjectives. The research will address differences and similarities in terms of the grammatical categories of adjectives, such as tense changes, word formation, and the syntactic roles that adjectives assume in sentences. Contrastive analysis will be conducted in semantic, morphological, and syntactic aspects with a focus on the differences between Arabic and English. The results of this study are expected to provide a better understanding of the structural and functional differences of adjectives in Arabic and English. The findings of this study can be useful for second language learners, translators, and curriculum developers in designing effective teaching methods and overcoming common mistakes that often occur when learning Arabic or English.</em></p> 2023-08-10T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 ALLAIS Journal of Arabic Language and Literature ANALISIS MAKNA IDIOMATIK DALAM ALQURAN 2023-06-17T22:07:54+07:00 Abdur Rahman [email protected] <p><em>Research related to material objects can be classified as follows: idiom meaning and semantic studies. On the meaning of idioms based on what was explained in Abdul Chaer's writings, an idiom is an utterance whose meaning cannot be predicted. Then in the semantic study aspect is the linguistic aspect which contains sound structures as well as concepts and meanings. From research related to the meaning of idioms that are often found in various someone's works, one of which is a novel. However, after tracing the meaning of the idiom cannot be understood only through the words that make it up, it requires re-analysis. Besides that, based on the research that the researchers conducted, research on the meaning of idioms used in the Qur'an, especially in each sura of this semantic review, has never been studied. This article uses qualitative research which means descriptive-analytical research. Based on the data analyzed and collected, this research is included in the category of Library Research (library) which is often disclosed, namely theoretical studies. The analysis used in this study is interpretive approach, namely looking at texts that can express a meaning in the sentence. With this analysis, the researcher has provided data which is the basis for applying the theoretical framework previously described. The author has found that there are many patterns of idiomatic meanings in every translation of surahs in the Qur'an. However, due to the limitations of the author's abilities, the author only takes a few patterns of idiom meanings as part of the surahs in the Qur'an, which count as many as 20 idioms with different surahs.</em></p> 2023-08-10T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 ALLAIS Journal of Arabic Language and Literature