Emotion Regulation Strategies In Women Who Married At Early Age


  • Zaen Musyrifin Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Afifah Nur Hanifah Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, Indonesia




early marriage, emotion regulation, happiness


Early marriage poses negative impacts on various aspects of life, including health, finance, and psychology. However, the number of underage marriage cases is increasing. This study aimed to identify emotion regulation strategies used by women who married young to find the meaning of happiness in marriage. The approach used was qualitative with the case study method. Data collection was carried out through interviews, observation, and documentation. Three female respondents were involved in the study, all married under 19. The results showed that the three informants used five strategies to manage their emotions, but their implementation differed according to their personal backgrounds and capacities. These five emotional regulation strategies can help them find the meaning of happiness in their young marriage.


Ali, S. (2015). Perkawinan Usia Muda Di Indonesia Dalam Perspektif Negara Dan Agama Serta Permasalahannya. Jurnal Legislasi Indonesia, 12(2), 1–28. https://doi.org/10.54629/jli.v12i2.405

Anshori, T. (2019). Analisis Usia Ideal Perkawinan Dalam Perspektif Maqasid Syari’ah. Al-Syakhsiyyah: Journal Of Law & Family Studies, 1(1). https://doi.org/10.21154/syakhsiyyah.v1i1.1827

Awaludin, A. (2017). Martin Seligman And Avicenna On Happiness. Tasfiyah: Jurnal Pemikiran Islam, 1(1), 1–30. https://doi.org/10.21111/tasfiyah.v1i1.1840

Bloch, L., Haase, C. M., & Levenson, R. W. (2014). Emotion Regulation Predicts Marital Satisfaction: More Than A Wives’ Tale. Emotion, 14(1), 130–144. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0034272

Burgess, R. A., Jeffery, M., Odero, S. A., Rose-Clarke, K., & Devakumar, D. (2022). Overlooked And Unaddressed: A Narrative Review Of Mental Health Consequences Of Child Marriages. PLOS Global Public Health, 2(1), e0000131. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgph.0000131

Capurso, M., & Pazzagli, C. (2016). Play As A Coping Strategy?: A Review Of The Relevant Literature. Children’s Health Care, 45(1), 39–66. https://doi.org/10.1080/02739615.2014.948163

Casey, B. J., Jones, R. M., Levita, L., Libby, V., Pattwell, S., Ruberry, E., … Somerville, L. H. (2010). The Storm And Stress Of Adolescence: Insights From Human Imaging And Mouse Genetics. Developmental Psychobiology, 52(3), 225–235. https://doi.org/10.1002/dev.20447

Chen, H. (2016). A Theoretic Review Of Emotion Regulation. Open Journal Of Social Sciences, 04(02), 147–153. https://doi.org/10.4236/jss.2016.42020

Chen, X., Huang, Z., & Lin, W. (2022). The Effect Of Emotion Regulation On Happiness And Resilience Of University Students: The Chain Mediating Role Of Learning Motivation And Target Positioning. Frontiers in Psychology, 13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.1029655

Cunha, N. H. de A., Bonfim, C. B., Santos-Lima, C., & Siquara, G. M. (2022). Emotion Regulation, Subjective Happiness And Meaning Of Life Of University Students In the Pandemic. Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto), 32(e3219), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-4327E3219

Ellis, R. J., & Simons, R. F. (2005). The Impact of Music On Subjective And Physiological Indices Of Emotion While Viewing Films. Psychomusicology, 19, 15–40. https://doi.org/10.1037/H0094042

Finaka, A. W. (2023). Mayoritas Pemuda Di Indonesia Menikah Muda. Retrieved February 1, 2023, from indonesiabaik.id website: https://indonesiabaik.id/infografis/mayoritas-pemuda-di-indonesia-menikah-muda

Frye-Cox, N., Ganong, L., Jensen, T., & Coleman, M. (2021). Marital Conflict And Health: The Moderating Roles Of Emotion Regulation And Marriage Order. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 62(6), 450–474. https://doi.org/10.1080/10502556.2021.1925853

Frye, N., Ganong, L., Jensen, T., & Coleman, M. (2020). A Dyadic Analysis Of Emotion Regulation As A Moderator Of Associations Between Marital Conflict And Marital Satisfaction Among First-Married And Remarried Couples. Journal Of Family Issues, 41(2), 2328–2355. https://doi.org/10.1177/0192513X20935504

Gardener, E. K. T., Carr, A. R., MacGregor, A., & Felmingham, K. L. (2020). Sex Differences And Emotion Regulation: An Event-Related Potential Study. PLoS ONE, 8(10 October). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0073475

Gross, J. J. (1998). The Emerging Field Of Emotion Regulation: An Integrative Review. Review Of General Psychology, 2(3), 271–299. https://doi.org/10.1037/1089-2680.2.3.271

Gross, J. J. (2002). Emotion Regulation: Affective, Cognitive, And Social Consequences. Psychophysiology, 39, 281–291. https://doi.org/10.1017.S0048577201393198

Hardianti, R., & Nurwati, N. (2021). Faktor Penyebab Terjadinya Pernikahan Dini Pada Perempuan. Focus : Jurnal Pekerjaan Sosial, 3(2), 111–120. https://doi.org/10.24198/focus.v3i2.28415

Hashmi, S. (2013). Adolescence: An Age Of Storm And Stress. Review Of Arts And Humanities, 2(1), 19–33.

Heale, R., & Forbes, D. (2013). Understanding Triangulation In Research. Evid Based Nurs, 16, 98. https://doi.org/10.1136/eb-2013-101494

Hermambang, A., Ummah, C., Gratia, E. S., Sanusi, F., Ulfa, W. M., & Nooraeni, R. (2021). Faktor-Faktor Yang Memengaruhi Pernikahan Dini Di Indonesia. Jurnal Kependudukan Indonesia, 16(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.14203/jki.v16i1.502

Hukum, B. H. D. (2023). Kemen PPPA : Perkawinan Anak Di Indonesia Sudah Mengkhawatirkan. Retrieved February 1, 2023, from kemenpppa website: https://www.kemenpppa.go.id/index.php/page/read/29/4357/kemen-pppa-perkawinan-anak-di-indonesia-sudah-mengkhawatirkan

Hurlock, E. B. (2017). Developmaental Psychology: A Life-Span Approach. New York and London: McGraw Hill Education.

Insan, I., & Rosdiyati, K. (2022). The Effect Of Emotion Regulation On Marital Flourishing In Married Couples In Sumbawa. Formosa: Journal Of Social Sciences, 1(4), 399–410. https://doi.org/10.55927/fjss.v1i4.2047

Juwita, L., & Sari, N. P. W. P. (2021). The Effect Of Positive Emotional Regulation Towards Happiness Level In Menopausal Women. Nurse and Holistic Care, 1(1), 23–31. https://doi.org/10.33086/nhc.v1i1.2023

Kalat, J. W., & Shiota, M. N. (2011). Emotion (2nd Ed). Belmont, California, United States: Wadsworth Publishing.

Koole, S. (2009). The Psychology Of Emotion Regulation: An Integrative Review. Cognition and Emotion, 23(1), 4–41. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699930802619031

Lazarus, R. S. (1966). Psychological Stress And The Coping Process. New York, New York, United States: McGraw-Hill.

Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, Appraisal, And Coping. New York, New York, United States: Springer Publishing Company.

Masumoto, K., Harada, K., & Shiozaki, M. (2022). Effect Of Emotion Regulation On Mental Health Of Couples In Long‐Term Marriages: One-Year Follow-Up Study. Japanese Psychological Research, 64(3), 360–368. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpr.12325

Mazzuca, S., Kafetsios, K., Livi, S., & Presaghi, F. (2019). Emotion Regulation And Satisfaction In Long-Term Marital Relationships: The Role Of Emotional Contagion. Journal Of Social And Personal Relationships, 36(9), 2880–2895. https://doi.org/10.1177/0265407518804452

Medellu, G. I. R., & Azzahra, F. A. (2022). Emotion Regulation Strategies On Family Functioning Among Young Married Couples. TAZKIYA : Jurnal Of Psychology, 10(2), 132–144. https://doi.org/10.15408/tazkiya.v10i2.22782

Mertens, D. M., & Hesse-Biber, S. (2012). Triangulation And Mixed Methods Research: Provocative Positions. Journal Of Mixed Methods Research, 6(2), 75–79. https://doi.org/10.1177/1558689812437100

Mittal, R. (2020). Emotional Regulation And Life Satisfaction Among Housewives. The International Journal Of Indian Psychology, 8(3), 402–411. https://doi.org/10.25215/0803.049

Moore, K. S. (2013). A Systematic Review On The Neural Effects Of Music On Emotion Regulation: Implications For Music Therapy Practice. Journal Of Music Therapy, 50(3), 198–242. https://doi.org/10.1093/jmt/50.3.198

Mubasyaroh. (2016). Analisis Faktor Penyebab Pernikahan Dini dan Dampaknya Bagi Pelakunya. Yudisia: Jurnal Pemikiran Dan Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan, 7(2), 385–411. https://doi.org/10.21043/yudisia.v7i2.2161

Noor, M. S., Fatimah, H., Rahman, F., Laily, N., & Yulidasari, F. (2021). The Impact Of Physical And Psychological Health Of Early Married Behaviors In Adolescents. Jurnal Berkala Kesehatan, 7(1), 16–21. https://doi.org/10.20527/jbk.v7i1.9618

Riahi, F., Golzari, M., & Mootabi, F. (2020). The Relationship Between Emotion Regulation And Marital Satisfaction Using The Actor-Partner Interdependence Model. Iranian Journal Of Psychiatry And Clinical Psychology, 26(1), 44–63. https://doi.org/10.32598/ijpcp.26.1.3038.1

Rohman, H. (2017). Batas Usia Ideal Pernikahan Perspektif Maqasid Shariah. Journal Of Islamic Studies And Humanities, 1(1), 67–92. https://doi.org/10.21580/jish.11.1374

Rokach, A. (2018). Effective Coping With Loneliness: A Review. Open Journal Of Depression, 7(4), 61–72. https://doi.org/10.4236/ojd.2018.74005

Santrock, J. W. (2011). Developmental Psychology. New York, New York, United States: McGraw Hill.

Santrock, J. W. (2017). Adolescence (17th Ed). New York, New York, United States: McGraw Hill.

Santrock, J. W. (2023). Life-Span Development (19th Ed). New York, New York, United States: McGraw-Hill College.

Seligman, M. E. P. (2002). Authentic Happiness: Using The New Positive Psychology To Realize Your Potential For Lasting Fulfillment. New York, New York, United States: The Free Press. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0002195

Smith, M. M., Saklofske, D. H., Keefer, K. V., & Tremblay, P. F. (2016). Coping Strategies And Psychological Outcomes: The Moderating Effects Of Personal Resiliency. The Journal of Psychology, 150(3), 318–332. https://doi.org//10.1080/00223980.2015.1036828

Thompson, R. A. (1991). Emotional Regulation And Emotional Development. Educational Psychology Review, 3(4), 269–307. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01319934

Yin, R. K. (2014). Case Study Research: Design And Methods (Ed). Thousand Oaks, California, United States: Sage Publications.

Zhu, J., & Fan, Y. (2018). Daily Travel Behavior And Emotional Well-Being: Effects Of Trip Mode, Duration, Purpose, And Companionship. Transportation Research Part A: Policy And Practice, 118, 360–373. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2018.09.019




How to Cite

Musyrifin, Z., & Afifah Nur Hanifah. (2022). Emotion Regulation Strategies In Women Who Married At Early Age. Academic Journal of Psychology and Counseling, 3(2), 203–222. https://doi.org/10.22515/ajpc.v3i2.5479

Citation Check