Authors are STRONGLY recommended to follow these guidelines to prevent publication delay and possible rejection.
All manuscripts submitted to ELE Reviews must follow the new guidelines in APA 7th edition. Click on this link for details
The language use should be inclusive and bias-free such as gender, sexual orientation, disability, racial and ethnic identity.
Not more than 5 authors. All authors' contributions should also be stated in acknowledgement section.
It is strictly written within 300 words. To help readers understand your abstract easily, follow the organization of subheadings below. Please note if abstract quality is not satisfactory, the manuscript will be returned for revision at the first stage.
i. Purpose of the study: Simply write the aim of your study. No discussion or story, only state the aim of your study (50-60 words)
ii. Methodology: Provide name, type of tools, brand, methods, review, software, and survey used in this study. No explanation or discussion. [50-60 words]
iii. Main Findings: In few words, write the main results only. No explanation or discussion. [50-60 words]
iv. Applications of this study: Explain where this study can be useful, state the name of area, subjects, disciplines etc [50-60 words]
v. Novelty/Originality of this study: Explain what is new in this study or how it is creating new knowledge or advancing the existing knowledge in this subject.
About three to five keywords should be given. Avoid big phrases. Take 2 or 3 keywords from the title. Use commonly Google searchable terms for the keywords.
Introduction [500-1000 words]:
This section provides the background of the study in easy words. The introduction should discuss the research problem in very clear words. Also, discuss the motivation of the study. For all the facts presented here, provide in-text citations in APA 7th style.
Literature Review [1000-1500 words]:
In review of literature section, you can follow the requirement of your study i.e. argumentive or systematic or methodological related to the work of previous researchers should be presented.
This section can be included in the introduction section as well. The author can explain the research gap that this study is going to cover. Remember to include in-text citation in APA style as follows:
- A previous study in which X and Y were compared revealed that … (Forsyth, 2018).
- Forsyth (2018) shows how, in the past, research into X was mainly concerned with …
- In 2018, research was carried out by Forsyth that revealed
Methodology [500-1000 words]:
Present the methods, questionnaire, survey, materials, etc used for the study. The author should also explain whether this study is a review or experimental study, or survey-based or simulation-based. Examine the tools used during the study. Mention all theories, assumptions, research conditions followed. This section should be easy enough for readers to do the study under similar circumstances.
Discuss methodological orientation [grounded theory, discourse analysis, ethnography, phenomenology, content analysis] sampling[number of participants, Method of approach, where the data was collected] data collection [interview, Audiovisual, field notes] and data analysis [number of data coders, software, etc.]
Results [500-1000 words]:
Present the data, the facts – what are discovered, observed, calculated, etc. and do organized and in depth examination on the data.
Use good quality image and provide caption below the image, Figure 1: ……….
Type the caption above the table, Table 1: ……….
Discussion [1000-1500 words]:
Present logical analysis of findings of the study. Provide evidence to support your analysis by citing the work of previous studies or existing theories. [Explain whether your results agree or disagree with previous studies, and why].
Limitations and Study Forward:
No study covers all aspects of the research problem. Therefore, the author needs to discuss the limitations or gaps of this study. Plan or future scope of the study should also be provided.
Indicate source of funding or help received in carrying out your study and/or preparing the manuscript if any before the references. To avoid ghostwriting, we suggest all co-authors to clearly mention their contribution to the article.
- Ensure that 80% of the cited sources come from those published in the last 5 years.
- The primary sources should include journal articles (highly recommended), books, and research reports (theses, dissertation).
- Sources from website, newspaper references, should be limited to 5-10.
- All references and in-text citations are in APA 7th edition style. Extra references which are not cited inside the main body of the article are not allowed to be included in the reference list.
- Authors are allowed to add a list of further readings and put add extra references, ebooks, websites, books etc in this section.
- Use Mendeley to organize your reference.
Guidelines for APA 7th edition referencing. Click on the link below for further detail.
Offline Journal article
Castles, F. G., Curtin, J. C., & Vowles, J. (2006). Public policy in Australia and New Zealand: The new global context. Australian Journal of Political Science, 41(2), 131–143.
Article by DOI
Gelkopf, M., Ryan, P., Cotton, S., & Berger, R. (2008). The impact of “training the trainers” for helping tsunami-survivor children on Sri Lankan disaster volunteer workers. International Journal of Stress Management, 15(2), 117–135. https://doi.org/10.1037/1072-5245.15.2.117
Durie, M. (2003). Ngā kāhui pou: Launching Māori futures. Huia Publishers.
Book (Later Edition)
McShane, S., & Travaglione, T. (2007). Organisational behaviour on the Pacific Rim (2nd ed.). McGraw-Hill.
Markusen, A. R. (1996). The economics of postwar regional disparity. In S. S. Fainstein & S. Campbell (Eds.), Readings in urban theory (pp. 102–131). Blackwell.
Forsyth, D. (2018). Probability and statistics for computer science. Springer Publishing Company. https://www.springer.com/gp/book/9783319644097
Lawson, J. F. (2019). The impacts of plastic on Indonesian migratory birds. Department of Conservation. https://www.doc.govt.nz/reports/birds/indonesiaplastic/
Howe, J. (2007, November 16). Manawatu worth $8.1b. Manawatu Standard, p. 1.
Conference and Proceedings
Bowker, N., & Tuffin, K. (2002). Users with disabilities' social and economic development through online access. In M. Boumedine (Ed.), Proceedings of the IASTED International Conference on Information and Knowledge Sharing (pp. 122–127). ACTA Press.
Thesis or Dissertation
Bowker, N. I. (2003). What it means to be online for people with disabilities [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Massey University.