Emergency remote learning during the COVID-19 pandemic: Perspectives of elementary schools in rural area of Indonesia
Keywords:elementary schools, emergency remote learning, online learning
Amidst the COVID-19 pademic, the Indonesian government issued a distance and online learning policy so that students study in a state of emergency. Education is a conscious effort to provide a meaningful learning experience for students. This experience includes cognitive, affective, and psychomotor aspects. This research is at the cutting edge of portraying the emergency remote learning of elementary schools in rural area of Indonesia in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. In the COVID-19 emergency, the Indonesian government issues a distance and online learning policy so that students can study even in a state of social distancing. The digital transformation of teachers and students is the impact of the learning process during the pandemic since the beginning of 2020. This research was a qualitative research employing a case study. Sources of data were teachers and students in elementary schools selected by purposive sampling. The technique applied interview and observation using interview sheet instruments and field notes about the reality of the implementation of education in schools. The results indicate that 80.81% of the learning process for low grade students is fully controlled by their parents, while in high grade students online and distance learning processes are not as formal as they should be. The implications of the results of this study illustrate that basic education in Indonesia has not yet ready in terms of human resources and technology, especially in the rural areas of frontier, outermost and underdeveloped. The contribution in this research is to provide an understanding to education observers how the process or learning experience is in pandemic and normal situations.
Adisel, A., & Prananosa, A. G. (2020). Penggunaan Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi dalam Sistem Manajemen Pembelajaran pada Masa Pandemi Covid 19. Journal Of Administration and Educational Management (ALIGNMENT), 3(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.31539/alignment.v3i1.1291
Ansori, A., & Sari, A. F. (2020). Inovasi Pendidikan di Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Literasi Pendidikan Nusantara, 1(2), 133–148. http://jurnal.uinbanten.ac.id/index.php/jlpn/article/view/3735
Atsani, L. G. M. Z. (2020). Transformasi Media Pembelajaran Pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Al-Hikmah: Jurnal Studi Islam, 22(1), 82–93. http://journal.unj.ac.id/unj/index.php/jtp
Carrillo, C., & Flores, M. A. (2020). COVID-19 and teacher education: a literature review of online teaching and learning practices. European Journal of Teacher Education, 43(4), 466–487. https://doi.org/10.1080/02619768.2020.1821184
Dewi, W. A. F. (2020). Dampak COVID-19 terhadap Implementasi Pembelajaran Daring di Sekolah Dasar. Edukatif : Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 2(1), 55–61. https://doi.org/10.31004/edukatif.v2i1.89
Donitsa-Schmidt, S., & Ramot, R. (2020). Opportunities and challenges: teacher education in Israel in the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Education for Teaching, 46(4), 586–595. https://doi.org/10.1080/02607476.2020.1799708
Fuad, A., & Nugroho, K. S. (2014). Panduan Praktis Penelitian Kualitatif. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.
Gianti, H. A. (2020). Kendala Pembelajaran DARING Guru Sekolah Dasar di Kabupaten Banjarnegara. Elementary School, 7, 297–302. https://doi.org/10.31316/esjurnal.v7i2.768
Grimaldi, E., & Ball, S. J. (2021). Paradoxes of freedom. An archaeological analysis of educational online platform interfaces. Critical Studies in Education, 62(1), 114–129. https://doi.org/10.1080/17508487.2020.1861043
Gumelar, D. R., & Dinnur, S. S. (2020). Digitalisasi Pendidikan Hukum Dan Prospeknya Pasca Pandemi Covid-19. Al-Ahwal Al-Syakhsiyyah: Jurnal Hukum Keluarga Dan Peradilan Islam, 1(2), 111–122. https://doi.org/10.15575/as.v1i2.9909
Insyiroh, I. M., Hariani, E. P., & Mubaroq, S. (2020). Pendidikan Berbasis Kearifan Lokal sebagai Solusi Menghadapi Kesenjangan Digital dalam Kebijakan Pembelajaran Jarak Jauh pada Masa Pandemi di Indonesia. Indonesian Journal of Sosial Development, 1(1), 51–72. Retrieved from https://docplayer.info/206465057-Abstrak-abstract-alumni-fisipol-universitas-gadjah-mada-korespondensi.html
König, J., Jäger-Biela, D. J., & Glutsch, N. (2020). Adapting to online teaching during COVID-19 school closure: teacher education and teacher competence effects among early career teachers in Germany. European Journal of Teacher Education, 43(4), 608–622. https://doi.org/10.1080/02619768.2020.1809650
Mansyur, A. R. (2020). Dampak COVID-19 Terhadap Dinamika Pembelajaran Di Indonesia. Education and Learning Journal, 1(2), 113. https://doi.org/10.33096/eljour.v1i2.55
Moleong, L. J. (2018). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.
Muskania, R., & Zulela MS. (2021). Realita Transformasi Digital Pendidikan di Sekolah Dasar Selama Pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar Nusantara, 6(2), 155–165. https://doi.org/10.29407/jpdn.v6i2.15298
Nahdi, D. S., & Jatisunda, M. G. (2020). Analisis Literasi Digital Calon Guru Sd Dalam Pembelajaran Berbasis Virtual Classroom Di Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Cakrawala Pendas, 6(2), 116–123. https://doi.org/10.31949/jcp.v6i2.2133
Ololube, N. P. (2014). Blended Learning Methods in Introduction to Teaching and Sociology of Education Courses at a University of Education. IGI Global Publisher of Timely Knowledge, 20. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-4666-4574-5.ch006
Prescott, J. E., Bundschuh, K., Kazakoff, E. R., & Macaruso, P. (2018). Elementary school–wide implementation of a blended learning program for reading intervention. Journal of Educational Research, 111(4), 497–506. https://doi.org/10.1080/00220671.2017.1302914
Purwanto, R. (2021). Home Visit Method Dalam Upaya Meningkatkan Motivasi Belajar Siswa Sekolah Dasar. TERAMPIL: Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Pembelajaran Dasar, 8(1), 51–64. https://doi.org/10.24042/terampil.v8i1.8639
Putra, M. T. F., Arianti, A., & Elbadiansyah, E. (2019). Analisis Penerapan Model Dan Metode Pembelajaran Tepat Guna Pada Daerah 3T (Terdepan,Terpencil Dan Tertinggal) Di Kabupaten Mahakam Ulu. Sebatik, 23(2), 317–323. https://doi.org/10.46984/sebatik.v23i2.776
Siregar, Y. E. Y., S, Z. M., W, P. A., Rachmadtullah, R., & Pohan, N. (2018). Self Regulation, Emotional Intelligence With Character Building In Elementary School. 251(Acec), 315–318. https://doi.org/10.2991/acec-18.2018.72
Suchyadi, Y., Sundari, F. S., & Alfiani, R. (2021). Analisis Literasi Digital Calon Guru SD dalam Pembelajaran Berbasis Virtual Classroom. Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pengajaran, 04, 48–53. https://doi.org/10.33751/jppguseda.v4i1.3191
Sugiarto, A. (2020). Dampak Positif Pembelajaran Online Dalam Sistem Pendidikan Keperawatan Pasca Pandemi COVID-19. Jurnal Perawat Indonesia, 4(3), 432. https://doi.org/10.32584/jpi.v4i3.555
Sugiyono. (2011). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif dan R&D (3rd ed.). Bandung: Alfabeta.
Winata, K. A., Zaqiah, Q. Y., Supiana, & Helmawati. (2021). Kebijakan Pendidikan di Masa Pandemi. Administrasi Pendidikan Journal, 4(1), 1–6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.encep.2012.03.001
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Hermanto Hermanto, Zulela Ms., Muhammad Japar
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Copyright aims to protect the specific way the article has been written to describe an experiment and the results. Journal of Educational Management and Instruction is committed to its authors to protect and defend their work and their reputation and takes allegations of infringement, plagiarism, ethical disputes, and fraud very seriously. Automotive Experiences is published under the terms of the Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0). Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication (online and print) with the work simultaneously. We use the restrictive license (non-commercial) as follows:
BY (attribution): Users are allowed to share, distribute and redistribute the published article in any medium or format, with an identification of the authors and its initial publication in this journal. Authors are encouraged to post and distribute their articles immediately after publication (e.g., institutional or public repositories, personal websites). Authors are allowed to enter into additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the published and an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
NC (non-commercial): Users are not allowed to use the article commercially without the permission of the authors. Authors agree explicitly that the published article is indexed worldwide in databases, repositories and indexation services, even if these services operate on a commercial basis. Authors grant Journal of Educational Management and Instruction explicit the right to include the published articles in databases, repositories and indexation services.
License to Publish
The non-commercial use of the article will be governed by the Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0). The author hereby grants Journal of Educational Management and Instruction an exclusive publishing and distribution license in the manuscript include tables, illustrations or other material submitted for publication as part of the manuscript (the â€œArticleâ€) in print, electronic and all other media (whether now known or later developed), in any form, in all languages, throughout the world, for the full term of copyright, and the right to license others to do the same, effective when the article is accepted for publication. This license includes the right to enforce the rights granted hereunder against third parties.
The author warrants that the article is original, written by stated author/s, has not been published before, contains no unlawful statements, does not infringe the rights of others, is subject to copyright that is vested exclusively in the author and free of any third party rights, and that any necessary written permissions to quote from other sources have been obtained by the author(s).
Under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, the author(s) and users are free to share (copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format) and adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material). Users must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made.
Rights of Authors
Authors retain the following rights:
- Copyright, and other proprietary rights relating to the article, such as patent rights,
- The right to use the substance of the article in future own works, including lectures and books,
- The right to reproduce the article for own purposes, provided the copies are not offered for sale, and
- The right to self-archive the article.
If the article was prepared jointly with other authors, the signatory of this form warrants that he/she has been authorized by all co-authors to sign this agreement on their behalf, and agrees to inform his/her co-authors of the terms of this agreement.